During 2015 Uganda reported frequent outbreaks of Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) in several districts in the north eastern, southern and in the central region around Lake Victoria crest posing a high risk of spread to the entire country with possible spill-over to neighboring countries. FMD outbreaks were registered in the Uganda-Tanzania border districts of; Isingiro (May 2015) and Rakai (February and July 2015). In addition, FMD re-emerged in central Uganda in June and was reported in Nakaseke district in July 2015 and then rapidly spread to neighbouring districts of Luwero (July 2015), Kyankwanzi (July 2015), Mukono (July 2015) and Mpigi (July 2015).
Following the FMD outbreaks in Uganda, Uganda Government made a request to the African Union –Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR) through the SMP-AH project for support towards implementation of a vaccination campaign against FMD in selected districts in cross-border areas and those at high risk. The SMP-AH project immediately considered the proposal under the framework for implementation of vaccination campaigns against priority diseases in cross-border areas and adjoining areas with emphasis on CBPP, FMD and LSD along the Uganda-Tanzania border discussed earlier during a regional cross-border harmonization meeting for Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda held from 25th to 27th August 2014 at Mwanza in Tanzania. Accordingly, Uganda went ahead and mobilized over 300,000 doses of FMD vaccines while AU-IBAR provided over USD 67,000 towards facilitating logistics and personnel allowance.
Yaoundé, Cameroun, 7th to 10th December, 2015. The Policy Framework and Reform Strategy for Fisheries and Aquaculture in Africa (PFRS) placed emphasis on jumpstarting market-led sustainable aquaculture through a variety of strategies and, where appropriate, support interventionist development approaches supported by strong strategic and implementation plans. In this regard the importance of strengthening capacities and policy frameworks for environmental monitoring, habitat and ecosystems preservation in aquaculture practices is emphasised.
In line with above, the Fisheries Governance Project currently being implemented by AU-IBAR, has provided for an activity to develop Regional Frameworks on Environmental Management for Aquaculture. For sustainable aquaculture development at this level, there is need to develop and implement strategic sectoral environment management approaches that do not just focus at the farm but also factor in the wider environment. Aquaculture practice is dependent upon the health of entire ecosystem. Effecting sustainable aquaculture development encompassing the principles of Ecosystem Approach in Aquaculture EAA) therefore requires transboundary initiatives. Common, coherent and practical regional frameworks and policies that promote the development and practice of aquaculture within watershed resource limits in this case are critical. Having such guidelines in place will enable member states make appropriate and more realistic aquaculture development plans, approve appropriate projects and institute environmental management assessments more effectively.
From 21 to 23 December 2015, a regional workshop on the establishment of a network on SPS and Food safety for ECOWAS member countries was held in Dakar, Senegal and organized by AU-IBAR under the scope of the project Participation of African Nations in the Sanitary and Phytosanitary standard setting organizations (PANSPSO-Project).
The objectives of the workshop are:
- In general, to establish a network of ECOWAS countries that are involve in sanitary and phytosanitary and food safety activities and create a synergy of actions in this domain.
- And specifically
- To strengthen national Codex Alimentarius Committees;
- To enhance the participation of countries in the various meetings of the Codex Alimentarius Commission;
- To create synergy of actions to pursue a coherent and harmonized policy of food safety in line with the concerns of the West African region.
Over fifty participants at the workshop were National Codex Contact Points and officials of ministries in charge of Codex, actors performing important functions relating to sanitary and phytosanitary issues, representatives of consumers associations.
A community-based disease reporting in Djibouti was discussed at workshop held by the Standard methods and procedures in Animal Health that took place in Djibouti from 14 to 15 October 2015. This was aimed at strengthening passive surveillance and grassroot disease recognition. The community-based disease reporting system was introduced to total 56 stakeholders in the livestock sector, including farmers, representatives of agro-livestock breeding associations auxiliary veterinarians and veterinary technicians in the capital and those of land, veterinary private practitioners, and the AU-IBAR. Most stakeholders present came from various parts of the Republic of Djibouti in the regions of Arta, Ali-Sabieh, Dikhil, Tadjourah, Obock and Djibouti.
In his speech Dr. Joseph Magona, on behalf of the Director of AU-IBAR, Prof. Ahmed Elsawalhy, stressed that the workshop to create the disease-reporting system in Djibouti was intended to strengthen the recognition of animal diseases at Community level through the use of syndromic surveillance manual, and improve networking among pastoralist communities, animal health service providers and other stakeholders, in order to facilitate the supervision and control of animal diseases in the field and in the regions. Finally, he encouraged all stakeholders’ livestock in Djibouti to adopt the use of syndromic surveillance manual of disease and rapidly report diseases to the regulators.
From 16 to 17 December 2015, a continental workshop on Capacity Building in Agriculture Trade issues was held at AU-IBAR under the scope of the project Participation of African Nations in the Sanitary and Phytosanitary standard setting organizations (PANSPSO-Project).
The objectives of the workshop are:
- Improving knowledge and understanding by participants of the provisions of the Agriculture negotiations Agreement of the WTO
- Improved knowledge and mastering of the Technical barriers to trade
- Improving knowledge and mastering of the Trade facilitation
- Enhancing the capacity of African countries to resolve trade issues using the provisions of the SPS Agreement
Participants at the workshop were officials of ministries in charge of trade, national notification authorities, national information points, and actors performing important functions relating to sanitary and phytosanitary issues in their country or region and who participated in the workshops and trainings organized by the AU-IBAR and the WTO.
The total number of participants was 35 from the following countries and institutions: Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Central African Republic, Senegal, Seychelles, Chad, Togo, Zambia, AU-IBAR and AU Office in Geneva.
- Workshop on Capacity Building in Agriculture Trade Issues
- Fisheries and Aquaculture Projects on the African Continent
- AU-IBAR Resolves to Broaden and Sustain its Support to Regional Farmers Organizations
- AU-IBAR Holds an Awareness Seminar on Animal Resources for Members of The Pan African Parliament