With the support from the European Union, AU-IBAR is currently implementing a project “Strengthening the Capacity of African Countries to Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of African Animal Genetic Resources”. The project aims to facilitate and fast track the implementation of the Global Plan of Action (GPA) for sustainable use of AnGR in Africa for which the continent is currently lagging behind. One of the Strategic Priority Areas of the Global Plan of Action (GPA) - characterization, inventory and monitoring of trends in AnGR diversity is the core of the project’s activity through the implementation of one of its key result areas “To establish the status and trends of animal genetic resources in Africa”. It is in this light that, the project aims at publishing the State of AnGR in Africa report as a pioneering report specific to the continent. This report will showcase the Status and trends of AnGR and articulate issues on; Threats to AnGR; existing Policy and institutional frameworks, past and present status of AnGR utilization and management in Africa as well as offer recommendations and best practices. This report being the first of its kind, is envisioned to spur Africa into taking the necessary action to ensure the sustainable utilization and conservation of AnGR and contribute significantly towards eradication of poverty and improvement of livelihoods.
The write-shop was convened by AU-IBAR from the 18th to 20th April 2016 in Kigali, Rwanda. Six reviewers drawn from different parts of the continent and two consultants currently working on the publication of the report attended the write-shop. The overall objective of the write-shop was to enable the reviewers to provide technical and editorial inputs to enrich the draft document especially in terms of its contents’ quality, accuracy, relevance and completeness. The main expected outcome of the write-shop was an enriched document that is technically sound and ready for editorial finalization and publication.
The conservation and sustainable utilization of biological diversity as well as the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the use of genetic resources including animal genetic resources (AnGR), are important for the global community and hence should be actively promoted. The African Union-Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR) Genetics project “Strengthening the Capacity of African Countries to Conservation and Sustainable Utilisation of African Animal Genetic Resources” is currently implementing an activity “Support for the establishment of regional/sub-regional facilities for ex situ conservation, in particular cryogenic storage and establish gene banks for AnGR” which seeks to support the conservation and sharing of animal genetic materials. Under this activity, some gene banks have been identified to serve as potential regional facilities. This activity is in line with the AU-IBAR’s general principles that seek to promote regional cooperation and integration through establishing and strengthening regional initiatives especially on sharing available resources, facilities and exploiting regional complementarities for the in situ and ex situ conservation of AnGR.
A training workshop was convened by AU-IBAR from 18th to 22nd January 2016 in Entebbe, Uganda and was officially opened by the Honourable Minister of State for Animal Resources and Industry, Lt. Col. Bright Rwamirama.
The training was conducted in preparation of the establishment of regional gene banks for the conservation of AnGR in the five regions of the continent. The overall objective of the training workshop was to establish a network of proficient and well-versed technicians, adequately equipped to undertake collection, preparation and transfer of animal genetic materials within their countries and between their countries and the regional gene banks. A total of fifty participants drawn from 19 Member States, namely Botswana, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe were in attendance. The training workshop was facilitated by highly competent trainers from South Africa (Prof. Daniel Barry), Tanzania (Prof. Noel Kanuya) and Uganda (Dr. Daniel Semambo) and representatives from AU-IBAR.
On July 24th 2015 the AU-IBAR Genetics Project “Strengthening the Capacity of African Countries to Conservation and Sustainable Utilisation of African Animal Genetic Resources” held its 2nd Steering Committee meeting at the Sofitel Mauritius l’Impérial Resort and Spa, in Port Louis, Mauritius.
The Steering Committee meeting was chaired by Dr. Simplice Nouala, representing the Director of AU-IBAR. The meeting was attended by representatives from RECs (COMESA, EAC, ECCAS and IGAD), from Member States (Botswana, Gabon, Mauritius and Zambia) from technical and implementing partners (CIRDES, FARA NEPAD and ILRI), from Farmers Organizations (Mauritius Deer cooperative and Réseau Billital Maroobé (RBM)) and the European Commission.
The Project Team reported on the achievements that included: promotion and strong position of African countries on issues relating to AnGR, policy and legislation gaps and potential interventions identified, initiation of assessment on the legal environment for the exchange and movement of animal genetic materials, stock-taking of the challenges and constraints in the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol in African countries since its ratification, establishment of Sub-Regional Focal Points (S-RFPs) for AnGR in all five regions of the continent. Other achievements included establishment of regional networks and community of practice for information sharing, lessons learning and coordination of AnGR initiatives on the continent, initiatives to harmonize AnGR tools including identification of suitable characterization, inventory and monitoring tools for use within the continent and the African Animal Genetic Resources Information System (AAGRIS) hosted as a module within ARIS2 envisioned as a “one-stop-shop” for information and data on AnGR.
23 - 25 October 2014, Faircity Mapungubwe Hotel Apartments – Johannesburg, South Africa.
1. The African Union – Inter-African Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR) in collaboration with CCARDESA (Centre for Coordination of Agricultural Research Development for Southern Africa) organized a workshop from 23rd – 25th October 2014, focusing on Strengthening Regional Capacities on the management of Animal Genetic Resources: General Assembly of the Sub-Regional Focal Point (S-RFP) for Southern Africa.
2. The workshop was organized under the framework of the implementation of the Project "Strengthening the Capacity of African Countries to Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of African Animal Genetic Resources".
3. The aim of the workshop was to facilitate the convening of a General Assembly (GA) for the substantive establishment of the Sub-Regional Focal Point for Animal Genetic Resources (AnGR) in Southern Africa, as a way of enhancing the management of AnGR through better regional coordination and networking. Specifically, the GA was organised to give the region, an opportunity to:
- Validate the proposed governance structure and Terms of Reference for the Steering Committee for the S-RFP for Southern Africa;
- Conduct the election of members of the Steering Committee;
- Propose mechanisms for the sustainability of the S-RPF;
- Introduce discussions on the adequacy of existing policies and regulatory frameworks on the use of AnGR in Southern Africa;
- Initiate discussions on the development of national and regional guidelines for the formulation and harmonization of policies for crossbreeding and in situ and ex situ conservation;
- Engage in discussions on procedures for the operation of regional gene bank(s);
- Discuss the preliminary results of the consultancy for the establishment of the African Animal Genetic Resources Information System (AAGRIS).
4. The meeting was attended by representatives (comprised mainly of AnGR National Coordinators) from 13 Southern Africa Member States, Regional Economic Communities (COMESA), Sub-Regional Research Organizations (CCARDESA), International Research Institutions (ILRI), Civil Society and non-state Organizations (SACAU, Heifer International), Universities (Sokoine University of Agriculture), Livestock Registrars (Botswana and South Africa), National Research Centres (South Africa Agricultural Research Council – Animal Production Institute) and consultants.
- Assessment of Animal Genetic Resources Characterization, Inventory and Monitoring tools/protocols to guide revision and harmonization processes
- Strengthening capacities on the genetic resources management in Central Africa and the West
- Secretariats of Sub-Regional Focal Points for “Strengthening the Capacity of African Countries to Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of African Animal Genetic Resources” Project meet in Nairobi
- First Steering Committee of the Project “Strengthening the Capacity of African Countries to Conservation and Sustainable Utilisation of African Animal Genetic Resources”