A number of potential policy instruments and regulatory options, relevant for the African context, will be developed. They represent important biological, historical, socio-economic and institutional tools to be provided for the conservation and sustainable use of AnGR. Further exploration of such instruments and options is likely to be useful in order to assist decision-makers in making informed decisions regarding the design of future regulatory and policy environments concerning AnGR. Under this result area the following activities are envisaged.
Activity 1. Develop national, regional and continental guidelines for the formulation and harmonization of crossbreeding policies
This activity will constitute an immediate and logical continuum of activities 1 and 3. Output of stocktaking exercises including inventories and case studies will be presented, discussed and analysed in a participatory way involving stakeholders at regional and continental levels. Consensus will be built on preferred options and modalities for genetic improvement programmes involving the use of exotic genetic resources, and recommendations from stakeholders will be then translated into guidelines.
National consultation exercises will be then conducted to internalize the continental/regional guidelines, adapt them to the national specificities, and build ownership.
Activity 2. Develop regional framework and policies for in situ and ex situ conservation
Once the extent of the problem of loss of indigenous genetic resources, and its socio economic impact, has been assessed, which will be done through activities 1, 2, 3 and 4 under result 1 and complement with assessments in North and southern Africastrategic options to address the problem will be developed. This will be done also through inclusive debate and stakeholders' consensus building, in order to ensure the necessary buy-in and sustainability. The crucial issue of financial resources for supporting conservation policies and strategies will be addressed as a core element of the policies.
Activity 3. Develop technical standards and protocols (including property rights and benefits sharing) for the exchange and use of genetic materials
This activity will first assist countries in ratification of the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity, and to develop technical standards, legislation or regulatory requirements for the exchange of their genetic materials.