The Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR) is the African Union's technical organ for livestock issues. IBAR will lead and coordinate the implementation given its institutional position its mandate and specific politically endorsed role in the execution of the CAADP, be the lead institution and coordinator for the programme. In its strategic plan 2010-2014, AU-IBAR has a major programme of enhancing Africa's capacity to conserve and sustainably use its animal resources and their natural resource base. The objective of this programme is to catalyse the development of policies and actions that will lead to the sustainable use and management of animal resources and the natural resource base on which they depend. Activities under this programme will contribute to the reduction in loss of genetic diversity of livestock, wildlife and fish resources, reduction of conflicts over natural resource use, improved governance and sustainable management of natural resources, coordination mechanism for pooling resources of multiple Member States in the conservation of animal genetic resources, improved awareness by policy makers and the general public.
It also spells out clearly the role it will play in strengthening the capacity of African countries to conserve and sustainably uses its AnGR through the development of policies and regulatory frameworks and the promotion of actions to implement them.
RECs (ECOWAS, ECCAS, EAC, IGAD and SADC)
Given their lead role in the implementation of the CAADP agenda and their coordination and harmonization role of regional livestock matters, the Regional Economic Communities are crucial in the implementation of the project and also beneficiaries of the programme. They will on one side play an active role in the implementation using their convening power at regional level, and will be instrumental in mainstreaming AnGR priorities into national and regional agricultural investment plans.
The Members States
To ensure sustainability and ownership, the proposed action will be implemented in close collaboration with state actors. All the ministries and other public good providers that intervene in the animal production sector (including in the design and enforcement of regulatory frameworks, required for the preservation of AnGR) will be involved in the planning, implementation and monitoring of the proposed action. It is envisaged that priority will be given to states actors in direct implementation with non state actors providing technical backstopping and capacity building where and when necessary.
Livestock Breeders Associations
There are a number of Livestock Breeders Associations across the regions that aim at promoting livestock farming including genetic resource management. Livestock Breeders Associations are guardians of a vital pool of biodiversity that needs conserving. They strive to represent the interests of their Members on issues that impact upon their profitability and sustainability. They act as lobbying group for the voices of livestock breeders at national level to influence national policies and also as platform to transmit knowledge and technological innovations.
The following regional and international livestock research institutions will be involved in the project in the formulation of harmonized standards and protocols for the characterization and inventory of AnGR as well as the establishment in the gene banks and ex situ conservation (cryogenic storage). The project will benefit from their experience, lessons learnt and best practices from their previous or ongoing research work on AnGR. These institutions are:
The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Based in Nairobi (Kenya), is part of the Consultative Group on International Agronomic Research (CGIAR). Its mission is to boost scientific knowledge and technical abilities in a bid to improve the standard of living of poor stockbreeders. ILRI works in association with other national and international organizations involved in the domains of livestock research, training and information. ILRI research programmes focus mainly on characterizing indigenous breeds globally, conserving them and improving methods of use of livestock. The database DAGRIS developed by ILRI will be revamped and linked to the AU-IBAR ARIS database as it Animal Genetic component.
The International Trypanotolerance Centre (ITC)
The International Trypanotolerance Centre (ITC) is an autonomous regional institution for research on agriculture and stockbreeding with headquarters in Banjul (The Gambia). Although the original goal of the Centre was to conduct research on and multiplication of N'Dama cattle, its mission has been expanded to enhancing livestock productivity in West Africa through optimum and sustainable use of genetically resistant local breeds to foster the well-being of the population. ITC is seeking to develop genetically improved breeds of N'Dama cattle and Djallonké sheep and goats, in partnership with national agricultural research networks.
Le Centre International de Recherche-Developpement sur l'Elevage en zone subhumide (CIRDES)
Le Centre International de Recherche-Developpement sur l'Elevage en zone subhumide (CIRDES) based in Bobo Dioulasso (Burkina Faso) conducts research and development on livestock in the sub-region (Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Niger and Togo). It lays emphasis on applied research, which is indispensable for development, training for its technical and agro-pastoral staff as well as transfer of new technologies in the domain of stockbreeding. It conducts research on parasitic diseases, animal production, stockbreeding systems and their integration into agriculture and on environmental protection.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is an agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. FAO's Animal Production and Health Division (AGA) strives to assist Member countries to take full advantage of the contribution the rapidly growing and transforming livestock sector can make towards achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Within the MDGs, the Division has a particular focus on MDGs 1 and 7, namely to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger and to ensure environmental sustainability. To this end, AGA endeavours to facilitate the participation of smallholder livestock farmers, particularly in developing countries, in the increasingly competitive market for livestock commodities, to safeguard animal and veterinary public health, to maintain animal genetic diversity, and to minimize the environmental impact of livestock production. AGA's overall strategy in guiding the development of the livestock sector towards socially desirable outcomes focuses on promoting international cooperation to safeguard the three global public goods most affected by changes in the sector, namely equity, veterinary public health, and the sustainability of the environment and the natural resources used in animal production.