2. Prevention and control of, and emergency response to priority TADs, emergencies and zoonoses enhanced
"Passive surveillance" has been the only means affordable to Directors of Veterinary Services (DVS) to monitor animal disease outbreaks. The approach remains a great source of disease information used for developing the national control/eradication programmes. Many countries are not able to carry out active surveillance activities when required because of the high cost involved. As a result, veterinary services are unable to detect and respond on time to disease outbreaks and other health threats, and to successfully control TADs, many of which become endemic in various parts of the continent.
In addition, most national veterinary services lack early warning and rapid response systems as well as horizon scanning for disease epidemics and other animal health-related emergencies, and public health emergencies.
Under this result area, the aim for the priority TADs of livestock, wildlife, bees and fish is to:
- Coordinate and facilitate formulation of the continental and regional /REC strategies and frameworks for the prevention and control of major TADs in livestock, wildlife, bees and fish.
- Initiate, coordinate and provide technical support for the development, implementation and evaluation of the continental and regional strategies and programmes for the control of selected priority diseases. Priority focus will be given to PPR, ASF, ND CBPP and high-impact emerging TADs and zoonoses.
- Mobilize resources, execute and evaluate surveillance, diagnostic, early warning and emergency response activities for the control and progressive eradication of the selected diseases.
- Support development of emergency preparedness and contingency plans, mobilize resources and provide timely response to disease emergencies.
- Strengthen bio-security, and promote good and safe practices in particular in poultry, bees and fish farming for effective disease control.
- Enhance disease reporting and sanitary information management and sharing to support timely disease prevention and control.
- Collect, collate, analyse and share disease information to facilitate coordination and harmonisation of disease management procedures.
- Promote coordinated and harmonized approaches at the national and regional levels to enhance effectiveness and sustainability of interventions.
- Facilitate the adoption and utilisation of disease prioritization tools and selection of major TADs and zoonoses in livestock, wildlife, bees and fish farming.
- Cooperate with relevant academic and research institutions to identify research needs to support successful formulation and implementation of disease prevention and control strategies and programmes.
- Coordinate and support studies to generate knowledge on socio-economic impact of priority TADs to increase support and improve control.