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Result 3: Enhanced awareness on the honeybee health and conducive environment for enhanced bee disease control, access to markets, and consumer safety created

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For beekeeping to be transformed from a subsistence activity to a business, the primary producer must have access to a market chain that is reliable and efficient. In order to provide outlets for honey once domestic markets are saturated, export opportunities need to be developed. This results area will addressed some policy and legislative issues, disease control and trade constraints and will include the following activities:

Activity 3.1 Organize effective multi-stakeholder partnerships and mechanisms for the development of policy, institutional and market options for bee health and pollination services for food security

This consists of establishing a functional continental partnership platform/network for coordination and advocacy for honeybee health and other pollinators. Evidence on bee health and pest management, risk analysis generated in result 2 will be used to sensitize the policy makers and stakeholders. It will further consist of identification and detailed analysis of key stakeholders followed by intensive consultations and establishment of a partnership platform with governance organs, based on experiences from the Alive platform, the Partnership for Aflatoxin Control in Africa (PACA) and the African Fisheries reform mechanism all driven by the African Union.

Activity 3.2 Develop policy and regulatory frameworks for sustainable bee health, apiculture and pollination services at national, regional and continental levels in tight connection with OIE and RECs

Guidelines are being developed for formulation/review of national, regional and continental honey bee policy and regulatory frameworks to reduce the incidence of pest and human activities on bee colonies, improve honey production and consumer safety and veterinary governance. The platform established in Activity 3.1 activity one will serve as a forum for consultation to ensure active participation of all key stakeholders in the formulation of policy and regulatory frameworks

Activity 3.3 Carry out environmental impact study on bees and pollination services

Intensification of agriculture with the subsequent increased utilization of pesticides have resulted in some areas in the decline of honeybee and other pollinators colonies. This activity consists of assessing and documenting the impact of agricultural intensification on bees and pollination services, and developing guidelines for farm level environmental impact assessment of agricultural activities on bee and pollination services. Through the technical committee, the methodology, matrix and data to be collected and used for the impact assessment will first be agreed on and selected countries representing the five regions of the continent chosen to undertake the study.

Activity 3.4 Enhance capacities for timely collection, analysis and sharing of accurate sanitary information; this activity will consist of strengthening the capacity of National veterinary services for early detection, timely notification/reporting, prevention and control of bee diseases

This activity consists of building the capacity of officers in the directorate of veterinary services in all MS for identification and diagnostic of bee diseases, for early detection and timely reporting of bee disease outbreaks as part of the disease reporting assignment of the directorate of veterinary services. Two to three experts from each country will be trained as trainers (TOT) on bee health and disease, and will be in charge of rolling out the training at country level to national experts. To accommodate staff turnover in the national veterinary services, two sessions of both the TOT and national training will be held in year 1 and year 3 of the project. The activity will complement the Vet-Gov project in rolling out the ARIS 2 through which disease will be reported. It is envisaged that additional computers will be provided to MS to strengthen their disease reporting systems.

Activity 3.5 Strengthen Africa's participation in standard setting organizations (OIE and Codex Alimentarius) on standards setting process for bees and bee products

This will first consist of establishing/strengthening the technical subcommittee that advise African delegates on SPS issues related to bee and bee products, science-based standards and certification, and support the participation of some African delegates for common position to ISSOs meetings.

Activity 3.6 Identify market constraints and opportunities for honey and hive products and investment opportunities of bee products and pollination services

While apiculture presents an opportunity for small producers, for many African beekeepers the potential to create a significant livelihood from selling honey remains out of reach. Some of the issues facing small honey producers are similar to those facing other small commodity producers, while some aspects are specific to the honey trade. For beekeeping to be transformed from a subsistence activity to a business, the primary producer must have access to a market chain that is reliable and efficient. To provide outlets for honey once domestic markets are saturated, export opportunities need to be developed. Under prevailing market conditions, this will only be achievable if African honey can be competitive at national levels and meets the requirements of the consumers but also be sold as a specialty product. Under this activity, issues of profitability of the honey business, exploiting the potential of high value niche products and medicinal values (EU market as an example), fair trade certification, organic certification, trading and supply efficiency, marketing strategies and others will be assessed and recommendations made.