This is a complementary grant extended by African Development Bank to ten affected and high risk countries in western and central Africa and two others in eastern Africa. Managed through AU-IBAR, it aims at support for early detection of outbreak and emergency response actions with regard to the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI).
Countries benefiting from the grant are Egypt, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Ghana, Niger, Togo, Mali, Cote d'Ivoire, Sudan and Djibouti. Egypt has however opted for a self management of its grant.
The awarded grant is US$ 500 000, of which US$ 300 000 was assigned to the activities related to the Animal Health component whose technical and financial coordination is ensured by AU-IBAR, and US$ 200 000 assigned to the Human Health component coordinated by the World Health Organization (WHO).
The grant covers priority areas such as:
- Information and awareness campaign intended to mobilize public opinion and different actors on the national and regional scene.
- Support to the rapid detection of outbreaks by strengthening existing national capacities and improving packaging of samples and their dispatch to reference laboratories in order to speed up the implementation of control measures (isolation quarantine etc).
- Urgent supply of technical equipment (samples, conservation and protection) and veterinary product (chemical and biological products) intended for an immediate response in case of new outbreaks.
- Compensation in case of stamping out - it is envisaged that the compensation budget should not exceed 10% of the amount allocated by the ADB to each country i.e. US$ 30,000. Compensation for every slaughtered animal should be at the average local market price.
- Acquisition of a stock of vaccines and of veterinary equipment: Knowing the limits of Stamping out in the African continent, a specific and regional vaccination strategy is envisageable in the countries where the appearances of outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza are recurring and/or in endemic state. This strategy could, according to the expert, help to stop or then limit the distribution of the H5N1 virus.