The AU-IBAR Strategic Plan 2018-2023 builds on lessons learnt from the review of the implementation of its predecessor Strategic Plan 2014-2017. The review was conducted in close consultation with African Union Member States (MSs), Regional Economic Communities (RECs), and AU-IBAR’s key Development Partners (DPs); and its findings were discussed with key officials at the AU Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture (DREA), and presented to the AU-IBAR Advisory Committee chaired by the African Union Commission (AUC) Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture (REA) and also attended by the Director of DREA as well as representatives of RECs and Development Partners.
This Strategic Plan is aligned to the major goals, objectives and key priority areas of the First Ten-Year Implementation Plan of Agenda 2063’s Mid Term Plan 2018-2023 and the DREA Strategic Plan 2018-2023. Indeed, the plan specifically responds to two Agenda 2063 aspirations that are of direct relevance to the Animal Resources Sector.
- Aspiration 1: A prosperous Africa based on inclusive growth and sustainable development
- Aspiration 6: An Africa whose development is people-driven, relying on the potential of African People, especially its women and youth, and caring for children.
The plan also focuses on the targets for implementing the AU reform agenda and is guided by the Malabo Declaration commitments with direct impact on the Animal Resources Sector aimed at attaining food and nutrition security; reducing poverty; boosting intra-African trade; enhancing resilience to climate change, related shocks and disasters in Africa. Furthermore, the plan draws from three existing livestock policy frameworks, namely: the Livestock Development Strategy for Africa (LiDeSA), the Policy Framework and Reform Strategy for Fisheries and Aquaculture in Africa and the Policy Framework for Pastoralism in Africa.
Animal Resources in Africa: Opportunities and Challenges
Animal resources are important strategic livelihood and commercial assets for the mostly rural population (who make up to 70% of the African population), and for marketing and trade. Africa’s population currently stands at 1.3 billion, and with a high population growth rate of 2.5%, there is an urgent need to enhance the capabilities necessary for transforming Africa’s mostly subsistent agriculture into commercial enterprise. This will address the increasing demand for food and promote economic and social growth for the mostly rural and poor populations living predominantly as smallholder farmers, herders and fisher-folks.
As in the crops sub-sector, the livestock and fisheries sub-sectors are challenged by three major productivity-limiting obstacles, viz.: a lack of access to formal financial services, poor infrastructure, and lack of sufficient public and private sector investments. Similarly, the wildlife sub-sector is characterized with rudimentary harvesting and management systems that in most situations are
based on illegal practices. As a result, the full production and market potential of the African animal resources sector remains largely under-exploited.
Achievements and Lessons learnt from the Implementation of the SP 2014-2017
An assessment of the overall performance of the SP 2014-2017 showed that its objectives were largely met and positively contributed to sustainability, partnership, capacity building, learning, sharing and knowledge management. Likewise, its implementation enhanced AU-IBAR’s institutional capacity, and visibility, as well as progress towards achieving its mandate with respect to the sustainable development of livestock and fisheries.
However, there were several areas where the magnitude of change was negligible or slow, these included: (i) lack of significant attention and support to wildlife issues; (ii) the lack of a functional One Health Platform at the continental, regional and the MSs levels; (iii) the need for AU-IBAR to document and communicate its achievements in a very well-articulated format; and, (iv) the need to enhance its advocacy capacity by building on its success in achieving important targets such as animal disease prevention, control and eradication. In addition, some performance attributes were either non-effective or created a negative impact such as: (i) shortage of core staff and supporting funds, especially those dedicated to handling communication, partnership and advocacy; (ii) absence of platforms addressing the issues of fragile natural resources and pastoralism, animal feeds during drought emergencies, climate change, vulnerability and resilience as well as emerging and re-emerging diseases; (iii) limited participation of youth, women, small-holder farmers and traders; and, (iv) Absence of a Results Based Framework in a format suited for monitoring high level outcomes.
AU-IBAR Vision, Mission, Mandate, Core Values, Strategic Niche and Functions
Over the years, AU-IBAR’s strategic niche has been strengthened by the demands of the animal resources sector. The progress in its comparative advantage is reflected in its evolving vision, mission, mandate, niche and core functions, stated hereinafter:
- Vision: An Africa in which animal resources contribute significantly to integration, prosperity and peace.
- Mission: To provide leadership and integrated support services for the development of animal resources in Africa.
- Mandate: To support and coordinate the sustainable development and utilization of animal resources to enhance nutrition and food security and contribute to the wellbeing and prosperity of the people in the MSs of the AU.
- Formulation, validation and dissemination of animal resources continental strategic frameworks
- Coordinate Africa’s contribution to the development of relevant standards and regulations and enhance compliance by Member States
- Strengthen institutional capacity and support policy coherence and harmonization at national, regional and continental levels
- Package and disseminate information and knowledge on animal resources to Member States, Regional Economic Communities and other continental and regional institutions
- Coordinate the African Voice (common positions) in Animal resources development
- Enhance the pan-African coordination, networking and partnerships in Animal resources
- Provide support to Member States (technical, tools) for effective implementation of their policies and strategies
AU-IBAR’s Core Functions
The specific areas of the mandate are summarized under the following core functions:
- Improve animal health, disease prevention and control systems
- Enhance animal resource production systems and ecosystem management
- Improve access to inputs, services and markets for animals and animal products
These functions are further detailed into the following specific functions:
- Facilitate, coordinate and support the formulation, harmonization and implementation of coherent policies, strategies, guidelines, legislation and investment plans
- Assist AU MSs and RECs in mainstreaming animal resources in the CAADP
- Initiate and coordinate the implementation of relevant programmes, projects and activities in collaboration and cooperation with MSs, RECs and development partners
- Facilitate the formulation and adoption of common positions among MSs and RECs, RFMOs/RFBs, for Africa’s leverage in negotiations and other global processes related to Animal Resources
- Collect, collate, analyse, store, share and disseminate data, information and knowledge among relevant stakeholders
- Play an advocacy role on matters relevant to animal resources, including for increased engagement of the public and private sectors as well as civil society organizations
- Provide technical support to MSs, RECs and other regional organisations and mechanisms or continental institutions
- Collaborate with research and academic institutions to identify priority needs for research and training
- Convene, coordinate and host relevant multi-stakeholder initiatives, platforms and secretariats for the development of Animal Resources in Africa
- Provide timely and strategic support to countries experiencing emergencies and those with special needs
Strategic Objective of the Strategic Plan 2018-2023
This strategic plan is developed based on the foregoing background information, opportunities and challenges in the Animal Resource (AR) Sector (consisting of livestock, fisheries and wildlife subsectors); lessons learnt from the implementation of the SP 2014-2017; and the AU-IBAR vision, mission, mandate, core values, strategic niche and functions. Consequently, the following five Strategic Objectives have been identified to guide the work of AU-IBAR for the 2018 – 2023 period:
- To Support Capacity Development for Improved Human Resources and Institutional Efficiency and Effectiveness in the Delivery of Services;
- To facilitate the formulation and harmonization of evidence-based and coherent polices for increased public investment and private sector productivity and competitiveness in order to transform the animal resources sector;
- To enhance coordination, partnership and the African Voice at national, regional and continental levels;
- To Support Active Private Sector Engagement for Increased Investment from public and private sources for the transformation of the animal resources sector to enhance its contribution to socio-economic development and equitable growth;
- To improve generation, dissemination and utilization of knowledge for sustainable animal resources development.
Consequently, it is intended that proper implementation of this strategic plan would yield the following outcomes:
- Strengthened capacities to implement AR initiatives at national, regional and continental levels through revitalization of AR institutions; enhanced capacities of RECs to develop and implement AR movement and trade facilitation mechanisms; improved deployment and utilization of human resources and value-adding mobility of AR professionals between Member States; and enhanced capacities for pan-African coordination of animal resources initiatives as would be evidenced through increased intra-African trade in animals and animal products under the Continental Free
Trade Agreement (CFTA);
- Enhanced private sector productivity and competitiveness, linked to increased public investment in ARs and the empowerment and promotion of women and youth participation in national, regional, continental and global ARs value chains. This will be stimulated through the formulation and harmonization of appropriate evidence-based and coherent polices aimed at transforming the ARs sector;
- The African Voice on ARs and Natural Resources Management (NRM) at national, regional and continental levels strengthened by putting in place institutional arrangements to support Member States’ coordination, partnerships and inclusive participation in articulating common positions on ARs and NRM; facilitating and influencing the formulation of national, regional, continental and global agreements and standards that are responsive to Africa’s stakeholders’ needs and aspirations; and promoting better institutional arrangements for efficient, effective and sustainable
development of animal resources along the value chains in Africa as well as the management of natural resources;
- Increased private sector engagement and investment in animal resources management and utilization for improved livelihoods through enhancement of institutional capacities and regulatory frameworks for entrepreneurship and creation of a conducive environment for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) involvement in sustainable development and utilization of ARs; and strengthening of innovative partnerships to mobilize resources for an all-inclusive marketoriented ARs sector, within the framework of the CFTA;
- Enhanced knowledge generation, storage and dissemination for sustainable development and utilization of ARs through enhancement of capacities for knowledge and data generation and management to strengthen evidence-based planning and implementation of initiatives in the ARs sector; review and development of policies/resolutions by MSs and RECs based on research knowledge and analyses provided by established information sharing and communication systems; strengthening of information and reporting systems (e.g. ARIS) at national, regional and global levels and networking/information sharing, and community of practice (e.g. forums, networks
and portals); and, enhancing the level of education and skills of African citizenry in generation of knowledge and adoption of technology and innovation in ARs at Member States and REC levels.
Implementation, Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting
This strategic plan also expounds an elaborate framework for implementation; a system for monitoring progress on plan execution and contribution to sustainable and accelerated development of the ARs in Africa, and for evaluating the extent of outcome realization at MSs, RECs and AU- IBAR levels between 2018 and 2023. It also provides for reporting results to stakeholders and development partners at all levels.