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Frequently Asked Questions

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  1. Question: What is the objective of the Livestock for Livelihoods Project (L4LP)?
  2. Question: What are the problems that L4LP is trying to address?
  3. Question: What is seriously threatening sustainable management of livestock and wildlife at the interface?
  4. Question: What are the three main types of pastoral systems practiced in the arid and semiarid areas?
  5. Question: Who are the L4LP ultimate beneficiaries?
  6. Question: What are the factors ensuring sustainability?
  7. Question: How will the role of traditional/local institutions be strengthened?
  8. Question: What are the main challenges facing sustainable management of agro-biodiversity and promotion of good land management practices?
  9. Question: What are the L4LP's focus areas?
  10. Question: What are the levels of donor coordination scenarios envisaged in L4LP?

  1. Question: What is the objective of the Livestock for Livelihoods Project (L4LP)?
    Answer: The objective of the Livestock for Livelihoods Project (L4LP), funded by the European Union, is to strengthen livestock-based livelihoods and improve food and environmental security in arid and semi-arid lands.

  2. Question: What are the problems that L4LP is trying to address?
    Answer: Competition for scarce grazing and water resources is increasing in sub-Saharan Africa drylands, and the potential for conflicts between wildlife managers and livestock owners is growing as pastoralists and agro-pastoralists move into new areas and/or live in the vicinity of protected areas. Conflicts between people and wildlife are a daily occurrence as wildlife migrates from parks to surrounding areas, where animals, people, and livestock compete for resources.
    Considering that climate change projections indicate an increased frequency of climatic extreme events and a progressive decline in rainfall in drought-prone tropical regions, the issues of land degradation and eroding resilience in dryland agro-ecosystems become critical. This calls for an improved understanding of the complex responses that dryland agro-ecosystems show to internal as well as external changes. The human activities have reduced the ecological resilience of the savanna ecosystems to support sustainable human livelihoods. The resilience of dryland ecosystems is undermined by non-sustainable natural resource exploitation, widespread environmental degradation, emergence of non-compatible land use systems and the influx of more people from high potential areas who practice inappropriate technologies for livelihood support e.g. clearing wetlands and riverine areas for cultivation.

  3. Question: What is seriously threatening sustainable management of livestock and wildlife at the interface?
    Answer: Sustainable management of livestock and wildlife at the interface is seriously threatened by modification of agro-ecosystems (e.g. transhumance routes in West Africa have been blocked by unplanned settlements), the over-exploitation of natural resources due to increasing human populations and weakening of traditional institutions that control and regulate access to common grazing resources and protection of wildlife.

  4. Question: What are the three main types of pastoral systems practiced in the arid and semiarid areas?
    Answer: The three main types of pastoral systems practiced in the arid and semiarid areas are nomadic/transhumant, sedentary livestock raising system and ranching.

  5. Question: Who are the L4LP ultimate beneficiaries?
    Answer: The L4LP ultimate beneficiaries are composed of pastoral, agricultural and agro-pastoral communities, particularly vulnerable groups, including women whose livelihoods depend mostly on the sustainable management of land and other natural resources conflicting with wildlife.

  6. Question: What are the factors ensuring sustainability?
    Answer: The active participation of the ultimate beneficiaries (the livestock-dependent communities and actors at the livestock-wildlife interface) is considered as one of the principal factors increasing the sustainability and reinforcing a valid exit plan.

  7. Question: How will the role of traditional/local institutions be strengthened?
    Answer: The role of traditional/local institutions such as councils of elders and other community-based organisations (CBOs) including local non-governmental organisations (NGOs), e.g. pastoral associations, farmers, etc., in conflict management and sustainable natural resources will be strengthened through capacity building and support to peace building and conflict resolution initiatives.

  8. Question: What are the main challenges facing sustainable management of agro-biodiversity and promotion of good land management practices?
    Answer: The challenges facing sustainable management of agro-biodiversity and promotion of good land management practices include increasing human population, adoption of poor land use practices that lead to the loss of biodiversity and the breakdown of savanna ecosystem functions and services.

  9. Question: What are the L4LP's focus areas?
    Answer: The L4LP focuses on mitigating further environmental degradation by promoting sustainable management and protection of natural resources in partnership with communities, thus improving productivity of rangelands, catalyzing the rangeland rehabilitation, reduced conflict over shared resources and reduced livestock market's barriers (disease control and strengthen livestock market's associations).

  10. Question: What are the levels of donor coordination scenarios envisaged in L4LP?
    Answer: Two levels of donor coordination scenarios are envisaged in the proposed project: overall implementation and regional implementation. AU-IBAR has ensured that donors active in the regions where the project is being implemented are informed about the project objectives and set-up with a view of exploiting synergies. They were invited to regional meetings.