Degraded lands restored and rehabilitated through participatory community-based actions
This component will build on the CBNRM developed in component 1 and will focus on the rehabilitation and restoration of degraded land. Support will be provided to communities to embrace rehabilitation and restoration activities from physical, technical, socio-economic and cultural perspectives. Activities will include:
Activity 1: Development of zonation, including grazing plans, and the establishment of grazing committees
Implementing grazing planning with large herds of livestock and herders has shown the benefit of animal impact (the distribution of dung and urine, hoof action to break surface crusts for better water infiltration and soil-seed contact, trampling of un-grazed plants for better decomposition) and grazing (without over grazing plants) to bring about increased plant/crop productivity and diversity, soil fertility, and water capture and holding capacity to overcome desertification, reduce the risk of drought, and increase biological diversity. Functional grazing committees will be established and strengthened to develop and implement grazing plans. This will be done through consultation with communities, capacity building and support to implement the plans. It is envisaged that grazing committee members (community scouts) will provide training to herders in sustainable grazing practices.
Activity 2: Community-led rehabilitation of degraded land
This will consist of the identification and promotion of sustainable management and rehabilitation of indigenous rangelands: replanting/reseeding, creation of windbreaks, village nurseries establishment, land and water conservation, information and technology dissemination, capacity building. Support to protect and monitor the rehabilitated land will be provided to ensure that degraded lands recover.