AU-IBAR is a specialized technical office of the African Union Commission’s (AUC), Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture (DREA), with the mandate of coordinating the development and utilization of animal resources for human well-being and economic development. AU-IBAR is also mandated to support fragile Member States in conflict situations and those emerging from conflicts in activities pertaining to livestock development. The Bureau has a very long and successful experience in implementing continental and regional programmes for the control and eradication of animal diseases and the strengthening of institutional capacities for the delivery of animal health services. AU-IBAR has built strong partnerships with national, regional and international technical institutions including local and international NGOs that add value to its programmes. The involvement of AU-IBAR in this project ensures harmonisation, coordination and integration of the results and activities in Somalia with on-going and planned regional and continental initiatives.
Terra Nuova has been involved in livestock development related activities in Somalia since 1994 and in the Eastern Africa region since 1982. In Somalia, Terra Nuova has engaged in the design and implementation of training programmes for private veterinary professionals and other cadres, the epidemiological investigation of main livestock diseases, the definition of main cattle routes and livestock markets in the region and the provision of institutional support to the Ministry of Livestock in Somaliland and the Livestock Professional Associations. Since 2001 Terra Nuova has spearheaded the establishment and development of the IGAD Sheikh Technical Veterinary School (ISTVS) in Sheikh District (Somaliland) that now serves as a veterinary training and reference centre for the Somali livestock Sector. Terra Nuova was also the lead agency in the planning and implementation of the Somali PACE Project (2001 – 2005) in partnership with AU-IBAR, UNA and VSF–Suisse and of the Somali Animal Health Services Projects (SAHSP I, II and III) in partnership with COOPI, VSF-Germany and FAO.
COOPI has implemented emergency interventions targeting the livelihoods of pastoralist communities in Somalia and Kenya since 2000 under the European community Humanitarian Organisation (ECHO) funded projects and HIV/AIDS related activities in Somaliland under the overall frame of the Global Fund for the control of Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and Malaria programme for Somalia. COOPI was also an implementing partner in SAHSP II and III projects. COOPI’s long experience in emergency disease control interventions particularly in Central and Southern Somalia is will support the development of appropriate animal health strategies in Somalia.
Households of Pastoralists, Agro-pastoralists and Other Livestock Dependent Households
Households of pastoralists, agro-pastoralists and other livestock dependent households are target groups as well as ultimate beneficiaries of the project. They are the most important source of information on livestock diseases and the primary actors in the implementation of animal health interventions. Their involvement and cooperation will ensure access to livestock for disease surveillance and the success of disease control strategies. They will be empowered through improved access to relevant information and knowledge, to better articulate their requirements to enable service providers to meet their needs.
Line Ministries Responsible for Livestock Development and their Personnel
Line Ministries responsible for livestock development and their personnel are responsible for the formulation of sectoral policies, strategies, legal and regulatory frameworks as well as ensuring effective delivery of animal health services. They also have the mandate for planning, coordination, monitoring and evaluation of sectoral interventions and this includes the involvement of private sector and civil society actors in the delivery of services. The Line Ministries are the official entry points for interventions in the livestock sector and their involvement will facilitate implementation of the Action. The project is providing technical, financial and logistical support to enable the line Ministries to improve the delivery of their mandates.
The Veterinary Boards
The Veterinary Boards are responsible for the regulation of the delivery and performance of Veterinary services and related inputs. The project is providing training, technical, financial and logistical support to enable the Veterinary Boards to exercise their mandates and authority as defined within the Veterinary Law codes.
Livestock Professionals’ Associations Lead the Private Sector
The Livestock Professionals’ Associations lead the private sector inputs in activities under this project. The Associations will be expected to better organize and mobilise their members to negotiate with the Line Ministries for the award of contracts to carry out delegated sanitary mandates. The generation of revenues from such engagements should stimulate further actions and initiatives on the part of the Associations towards more sustainable delivery of animal health services. Previous experiences highlighted the value of the Associations in enhancing access to veterinary services to pastoralist communities particularly in highly insecure areas.
Community Leaders, Elders and Local Authorities
Community leaders, Elders and local authorities play a key role in the day-to-day decision-making processes of rural Somali communities. Their involvement is enhancing community understanding and participation in the identification of constraints and solutions to the delivery of animal health services in their local areas. The local authorities in some areas play a significant role in ensuring security to enable the implementation the field activities of the project.
Livestock Market and Market Chain Operators
Livestock market and market chain operators are key players in the compliance with regulatory requirements for the safe trade in livestock commodities. Their involvement contributes to enhancing the availability of information on the presence of trade limiting livestock diseases in different areas.