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The SMP Concept

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The SMP concept:

  • A region-wide disease control plan
  • Multiple nations cooperate for uniformity
  • Trade-related TAD control - targeted diseases
  • Facilitates trade in livestock and livestock products
  • Use for local, intra-regional, inter-regional, and intercontinental trade

The SMP design:

  • A region-wide umbrella program for animal health and animal disease prevention and control
  • Agreed upon by both exporting and importing nations
  • Subscribed to by all concerned parties
  • Focused on trade-related TADs
  • Executed according to OIE recommendations

The SMP approach:

  • Framework for uniform surveillance, epidemiology, disease prevention and control;
  • Laboratory procedures and test interpretation, quarantine procedures, and more;
  • Flexible to fit changing situations, scientific advances, disease dynamics, emerging diseases, etc;
  • Tailored to deal with relevant trade-related TAD diseases, but can be used for not only TADs but for production and/or zoonotic diseases as well;
  • Can accept different approaches by different Departments of Veterinary Services;
  • Works with OIE recommendations as the base.

How the SMP concept works:

  • Begins with reality of present situation;
  • Accepts what is currently being done as baseline;
  • Can be built upon as needs arise;
  • Can be designed to deal specifically with any relevant disease;
  • Addresses both live animals and animal products;
  • Addresses both breeding and slaughter livestock;
  • Flexes to meet changing realities and new developments;
  • Coordinates region-wide animal health activities;
  • Enhances negotiation between trading partners using OIE recommendations as basis for discussion, for example the OIE Terrestrial Code SPS & Judgment of Equivalence.

SMP Harmonization of Animal Health Programs:

  • Regional coordination in disease control program design - national DVSs work with same program goals;
  • Cooperation/coordination for disease control field operations planning and implementation;
  • Allowance for different approaches to the same disease control goal as per the OIE Terrestrial Code SPS & Judgment of Equivalence;
  • SPS basis for trading bloc negotiations, ref. OIE Terrestrial Code SPS & Judgment of Equivalence.

OIE Terrestrial Animal Code Recommendations for Trade, Chapter 5.3.1-8:

  • A structure for trade negotiations;
  • Safe Trade with Appropriate Level of Protection for importing nation – Judgment of Equivalence.

Goals of SMP program:

  • Safe, stabilized trade that leads to safe, stabilized livelihoods all along the value chain;
  • Facilitates trade within and between Regional Economic Communities;
  • Facilitates regionally coordinated disease control programs;
  • Supports ability to do surveillance and epidemiology that clearly determines outbreak areas;
  • Provides a basis for uniform and unified SPS for livestock trade;
  • Eliminate any reason for bans on export livestock from Eastern Africa;
  • Provides strengthened bargaining power with importers.