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Strategic Programme 1 : TADs and Zoonoses

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Reducing the impact of transboundary animal diseases and zoonoses on livelihoods and public health in Africa.

Objective

To catalyse the management of TADs and zoonoses in Africa by facilitating the development and implementation of a continental agenda for improved governance of veterinary services.

1. The context

Africa suffers a huge burden of endemic TADs and zoonoses which represent a constant threat, both for the continent and for the rest of the world. TADs are of significant economic, trade and/ or food security importance for a considerable number of countries and can spread easily to reach epidemic or even pandemic proportions. Effective management of TADs and zoonoses requires cooperation among countries: veterinary services for these purposes are therefore an international public good. The economic, trade and food security importance of TADs and zoonoses relate to mortality and morbidity of livestock, costs of treatment and implementation of disease control measures, loss of market access, reduced product quality and shortage of valuable animal products. Furthermore, some TADs and zoonoses directly impact on public health through infection of humans, and indirectly through the food supply chain.

The intensification of food production and the increased volume and speed of international travel and transportation of people, animals and animal products favour transmission of TADs. Changing land-use systems and climate change have produced conditions favourable to the emergence and transmission of infectious animal diseases, of which zoonoses represent a dominant part. Holistic approaches are therefore needed for effective prevention and progressive control of these diseases.