Facilitating development of policies and institutional capacities for improved utilization of animal resources in Africa.
To facilitate the formulation and harmonization of evidencebased and coherent polices and to strengthen the capacities of public and private institutions to effectively perform their core roles in order to transform the animal resources sector for greater impact on poverty alleviation.
1. The context
The need to develop policy analysis and formulation capacities is recognised as an urgent priority for animal resources development in Africa and the RECs and Member States are looking to AU-IBAR for support in this area. In addition, there is a recognized gap (by Member States and RECs) in the capacities of public and private sector actors, including producer organizations and civil society, to perform better their respective tasks and functions.
Particular emphasis on capacity development needs to be placed on the production and marketing roles of local and regional producer organizations, which often form the only solution for smallscale producers to deal with challenges that are associated with economies of scale (e.g. concentrated marketing chains, access to input and output markets). Public-private sector cooperation can be used to create institutional innovations, e.g. for quality enhancement and assurance, financial service provision, insurance, contracting and access to information. Moreover, with effective capacity development and empowerment, continental and regional-level producer associations have increasingly potential to play a prominent role in joint strategy development on production, processing, quality enhancement and marketing.
In addition, most African countries have inadequate educational institutions; major gaps in number and in skill levels in agriculture (e.g. field technicians in animal disease surveillance and control programmes, and policy development); and there is increasing concern about the relevance of current curricula in animal science and animal health training at all levels.
2. Main challenges
- How to develop and sustain capacity for policy analysis and harmonization in AU-IBAR and RECs.
- How to develop new relationships and networks needed to deliver on policy work.
- How to prioritise the many and diverse needs for capacity development by Member States and RECs to deliver the most impact from capacity development investments.
- Strong and clear demand for policy support, including capacity building in policy development and implementation by RECs and Member States.
- Development partners (public and private) recognise the large gaps in animal resources policy and capacity in Africa.
- AU-IBAR's current network involving many international organisations with relevant experience and skills in policy development (e.g. FAO's Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initiative – PPLPI).
- AU-IBAR's access to academic institutions in and out of Africa with which it can develop partnerships for capacity development in policy and technical areas.
4. Key Results Areas
As the AU technical agency charged with animal resources, AU-IBAR has the responsibility for identifying policy gaps in the area and working with RECs and Member States to catalyse policy development processes: providing evidence as needed, supporting institutions and policy formulation processes, ensuring coherence across countries and regions (as well as with National Poverty Reduction Strategies) and putting in place modalities, including capacity development, to facilitate their implementation. Thus, AUIBAR's role in the policy arena will include provision of evidence to inform policy formulation, and capacity building and advocacy to ensure effective implementation.
AU-IBAR's role in this area will include analysis of the policy landscape to identify gaps that relate to animal resources development and to provide required support to address existing gaps, as well as being fully informed of new major regional and continental agricultural policy initiatives so as to contribute on aspects that have a bearing on animal resources development. AU-IBAR will also support RECs and Member States in translating the international policy
agenda relevant for animal resources development into effective national strategies and programmes. AU-IBAR's policy work will be underpinned by strong capacity building and advocacy activities, working with other AU-IBAR strategic programmes, with special attention to the following focal areas:
- Provision of support to RECs and Member States in the mapping and analysis of policies on animal resources development and in formulation, harmonization and advocacy. This will include policies related to promotion of intra-regional trade (adoption of common/international SPS standards; reduction or elimination of tariffs on cross-border trade) and those aimed at facilitating joint management of cross-border inter- and intra-regional resources (fish stocks, pasture lands and wildlife).
- Support RECs and Member States in translating international policy agendas relevant for animal resources development into effective national strategies and programmes.
- Coordination and standardization of regional information and early warning systems and – in collaboration with the Knowledge Management programme – mechanisms for exchange of information/peer-learning on agricultural practices, technologies and policies.
- Support to African veterinary and animal sciences tertiary education institutions to facilitate revision of their curricula in order to enhance their context relevance in technical and policy areas.
- Institutional development to enhance strategic capacity along the value chain so as to enhance the contribution of animal resources to human livelihoods especially for poor producers. This will include capacity building of producer and sectororganizations involved in animal produce.
Outcomes and impact
The formulation and implementation of harmonized policies and institutional reforms will improve livestock health and production, enhance market access and food safety, improve public and private sector investments to enhance the competitiveness of African animal products at the national, regional and global levels, and enhance application of trade and market standards. The overall effect will be improved animal resources management, with a positive impact on human wellbeing.
5. AU-IBAR's roles and strategies to achieve desired goals
AU-IBAR will apply the following strategies to achieve the desired result areas:
- Initial investment in understanding the current policy landscape (current policies, stages of implementation and implementation constraints, policy gaps and potential partners in policy work) relevant for animal resources development. This will involve all strategic programmes. Work already done by others, for example FAO's PPLPI, and priorities designated by RECs and Member States, will form an important basis for defining AUIBAR's niche in this programme.
- Investment in veterinary services by encouraging countries to complete all steps of OIE PVS Process (initial OIE PVS Evaluation; OIE PVS Gap Analysis; and PVS Follow Up Evaluation missions), as well as its complementary projects, such as legislation and twinning of laboratories.
- In all policy-related work, AU-IBAR's role will be facilitative – from identification of the constraints to developing specific interventions.
- A key approach will be the development of evidence that is needed to make a case for new or revised policies.
- AU-IBAR will proactively use available evidence to develop policy papers and briefs targeting specific audiences, such as policymakers in Member States, RECs and donor organizations.
- AU-IBAR's main instrument for influencing the policy landscape will be through convening processes and advocacy, taking advantage of the many forums that it can access as an organ of the AU.
- AU-IBAR will work closely with Member States to identify critical capacity gaps that constrain animal resources development and will engage development partners to secure the resources for capacity development for Member States and RECs.
- Capacity landscape mapping will include areas other than policy. This programme will work with others in the mapping exercise and in developing intervention strategies that exploit synergies and avoid repetitive, overlapping and resource-inefficient interventions.
- Potential partnerships for policy and capacity development include: ALive platform (5-6 policy papers); International Scientific Council for Trypanosomiasis Research and Control (ISCTRC); research institutions such as ILRI, IFPRI and CIRAD; policy department of DREA; OIE, FAO and WHO; PANVAC; RECs; and Member States.
- New partnerships with universities as sources of expertise, knowledge and innovation; civil society organisations; national and international institutes of policy research.