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(cc) ILRI. Illustrative Photo(cc) ILRI. Illustrative PhotoWith the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the international community has agreed to the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger as one of its primary targets. Fifteen years later, poverty, however, remains a critical issue for sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where 50%, about 300 million people, live on less than 1USD per day. Worse, while globally poverty is decreasing, the number of poor in SSA is on the increase. Equally worrying, food insecurity is still a major problem in SSA, where the prevalence of food energy deficiency ranges from 37% to 76%. Food insecurity in SSA is undermining people's health, productivity, and often their very survival. Therefore, much of the development agenda focuses on directing scarce resources to providing food to people in need or enabling them to acquire it themselves. In so doing governments and development partners have joined hands to foster economic growth and expand livelihoods options. In fact, such measures are now more urgent than ever before to meet the MDG of halving the proportion of people who suffer from poverty and hunger by 2015.