16th - 20th November 2020
A training workshop “Training of Trainers (ToT) on technologies for the promotion of local poultry value chain in Africa” was held from 16 to 20 November 2020 in Douala-Cameroon. This workshop was supported by the Live2Africa Project of AU-IBAR. The main objective of the workshop was to build the capacity of the participants on the latest technologies and developments in the local poultry value chain.
The specific objectives of the pilot ToT workshop in Cameroon were to:
- Identify key components and priority interventions areas of the local poultry value chain in Cameroon
- Validate and adopt models of community-based poultry breeding programmes while addressing technical gaps in the value chain
- Highlight and promote the appropriate technology and start up innovations to sustain the Cameroon local poultry value chain
- Design the way forward towards developing the local poultry cooperatives, Cameroon branches of the world Poultry science association (WPSA), Cameroon poultry inter-profession (IPAVIC) and the value chain
- Develop a stepwise Action Plan to guide the sustainability of the Cameroon local poultry value chain.
Participants consisted of local poultry geneticists, scientists, producers, poultry equipment manufacturers, ICT start-ups, technology developers, feed producers, poultry cooperatives promoters and animal health service providers from the five agro-ecological zones of Cameroon. Also present were government officials from m the Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Animal Industries (MINEPIA), and the Regional Delegate for MINEPIA in the Littoral Region of Cameroon; World Poultry Science Association (WPSA) Cameroon branch; the Cameroon poultry inter-profession (IPAVIC). The training was facilitated by Drs Christian Keambou Tiambo from CTLGH/ILRI (Kenya) and Henri Rene Zambou from Equavet Group (Cameroon).
The Director of AU-IBAR, Prof Ahmed Elsawalhy, through a video-conference link welcomed the participants. In his opening remarks, he highlighted the importance of technology and innovations to drive development and stressed how small improvements in techniques, procedures and methods can have positive impacts on local poultry production and productivity. The representative of the Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Animal Industries (MINEPIA), Mrs Annie Claire Ngo Ongla, who officially chaired the workshop, in her opening remarks emphasized the role of livestock, particularly poultry, on food and nutrition security.
Over the five days training, the facilitators and workshop participants shared, and exchanged experiences on innovative technologies for the development of the Cameroon local poultry value chain. The emphasis was on developing and promoting local poultry genetic resources and breeding, eggs and meat production and processing of local poultry products and by-products for value addition. Marketing channels development supported by information technology innovations were also discussed. These were presented by JANGOLO start-up.
The workshop was participatory, consisting of plenary presentations by the facilitators followed by discussions, clarification and sharing of experiences on the various components of the value chain. Working groups were also established for more focussed deliberations. Hands-on practical field visits were made to Nono Nono Gomes family poultry farm at Lendi in Douala 5 District and the animal health facility EQUAVET GROUP based at Bonaberi, Douala 4 District. The workshop also analysed case studies, best practices and causes of bottlenecks in the local poultry value chain.
Participants were informed of success stories and experiences in local poultry breeding and distribution from Kenya; Tanzania and Ethiopia. The investment and business opportunities in the development of the local poultry value chain, were also demonstrated. Other topics covered included: reproductive technologies; feed technologies and feeding systems; health, public health and biosecurity; housing and other infrastructures; designing successful local poultry agri-business; project design and cycle, cost-benefit analysis; value addition, processing, biosecurity; conservation and bio banking of local poultry genetic resources; and utilization and distribution of elite breeds.
There were presentations and showcasing by the poultry industry stakeholders including: egg incubators manufacturers (GIC-APME and GIC DALUCAM), feed producer (SPRADY Ltd), animal health service provider (Equavet group), ICT start-up innovator for poultry information system to support production, market and services delivery (JANGOLO), cooperatives of producers (BUPOFAI COOP, AZ Elevage, Socoo PRORALOC-Cam, Happy- Birds Happy Eggs, KFARM INDUSTRY, and GreenGold AgroVenture).
Key outputs and recommendations of the training workshop included:
- Need for legal frameworks and regulations to protect local poultry resources from crossbreeding
- Mapping (GIS) of existing breeders and farmers
- Characterisation of existing genetic resources, and bio-banking;
- Identification and selection of pilot local poultry breeders for training
- Creation of a platform for stakeholders from the ministry of livestock research, universities, and producers to condense and package and disseminate the results of research on local poultry development
- Introduction and promotion of local solar incubators for eggs
- Introduce breeding cocks selected from the local gene pool and promote artificial insemination and the primordial germ cell (PGC) technology.
- Determine nutritional requirements of local poultry breeds in Cameroon
- Formulate complete diets using locally-available feed resources in each agro-ecological zone
- Organize farmers into co-operatives to facilitate access to training, funding, and other support
- Train poultry farmers on housing, feeding, health management
- Design the epidemiological map and related prophylactic program
- Train farmers on ICT and establish networks/platforms to facilitate online training, sharing experiences, links with customers
- Organize annual national or regional local poultry day where poultry products are exhibited and producers given awards as incentives
The training workshop improved the capacity of participants who were exposed to innovative technologies, modern tools and opportunities to develop and sustain the local poultry value chain. It is envisaged that the enhanced capacity of stakeholders will result in increased agri-entrepreneurship, technology development and uptake by the local poultry industry. The participants are expected to train other stakeholders, thereby increasing the pool of expertise in the local poultry value chain.
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