'Climate-proof' livestock production systems and alternative means of livelihood provided to pastoral and agro-pastoral production systems in asals
This component will focus on improving livestock production and marketing and providing alternative livelihoods. This involves interventions to increase economic diversification and alternative livelihoods for pastoralists and agro-pastoralists. It will also involve increasing income from traditional herding of animals, through the reduction of the current constraints to livestock production, such as disease control, feeding and marketing. Activities under this component include:
Activity 1: Training and support to alternative and climate-proof livelihoods and livestock production interventions
This activity will commence with participatory scoping and training needs assessments in the target areas. The scoping analysis will include the geographic, institutional, market, policy and legislative factors impacting the alternative livelihoods option or livestock production intervention to be carried out (i.e. feed resources, breeding, ecotourism, diversification, handicraft). The action will avail micro-credit support for small start-up investments. A micro credit scheme managed by the communities will be developed based on the approach currently implemented in northern Kenya by AU-IBAR.
Activity 2: Strengthening community-based disease surveillance and the provision of animal healthcare services involving appropriate treatments against other endemic and production diseases and based on a cost recovery basis
Grazing committee members, wardens and Community-based Animal Health Workers (CAHWs) will be trained on early detection and reporting of disease outbreaks and/or suspicions. They will also be equipped with veterinary kits and basic stocks of veterinary drugs to intervene in cases of other endemic diseases. Such diseases include parasitic and tick borne diseases that quite often have just as big negative effects in terms of livelihoods and poverty reduction as TADs. The animal health delivery will be on a cost recovery basis and will follow the experiences and practices developed over the years of veterinary CAHWs networks and local veterinary drugs suppliers who operate business oriented services in pastoral areas. The livestock owners will be requested to contribute at least to the cost of the drugs and the cost of services predetermined by the community.
Activity 3: Strengthening local/grassroots livestock market associations (training, institutional support and infrastructure)
Livestock market associations will be trained to use novel ICT to access market information based on AU-IBAR and internet links (e.g. the Livestock Information Network and Knowledge System) experience in northern Kenya: (downloading and uploading information on WorldSpace radio technology, use of mobile phone, Word Wide Web, etc.). The proposed action will thereafter provide this equipment to the associations and ensure they are operational.
Activity 4: Strengthening women groups to develop basic entrepreneurial capacities
Under this activity, the proposed action will focus mainly on developing and strengthening entrepreneurial skills of women. This will be done through capacity building in group dynamics, leadership, basic financial management and record keeping, basic entrepreneurial skills, value chain addition, negotiation skills, etc. Specific grants will then be given to women via a micro-credit scheme to either start up or add value to their small scale enterprises (milk and beef processing, hides and skins, honey, herbal plant, handicraft, etc.).