Sustainable natural resource management systems established at the livestock-wildlife-environment interface
The first component of the Project will focus on creating conducive policy and institutional environments that facilitate climate change adaptation strategies in the livestock-wildlife-agriculture interface, with reduced incidence of natural resources based conflicts. The strong policy and institutional orientation will increase the likelihood of scaling up the natural resources community-based M&E framework into regional and national natural resources management strategies. This component will include the following activities:
Activity 1: Identification of policy entry points for supporting the implementation of priority adaptation options in pastoral and agro pastoral systems
A desk study will be carried out to review existing national/regional policy and strategy documents, development priorities, and budget allocations to identify policy and institutional barriers as well as policy opportunities and promising institutions that are needed to create an environment that supports climate change adaptation strategies. Analysis of key actors and their linkages as well as the interactions between policies and actors will be carried out to identify policy, institutional and organizational entry points and policy dialogue involving key stakeholders. The objective of this activity is to share information, receive feedback, and set priorities for reviewing regional and country policy frameworks and institutions (government, development agencies, non-governmental organizations) strategies and priorities to support regional, national and local level climate change adaptation strategies.
Activity 2: Development of Natural Resources Management Plans (CBNRM) and M&E frameworks
Community-based natural resource management simultaneously addresses the problems of poverty and environmental degradation. CBNRM represents a promising approach that encourages communities to take responsibility for managing their resources so that everyone benefits. Through a series of meetings and consultations with communities and partners, and based on lessons learned from other parts of the continent, CBNRM will be developed with communities around the protected areas or reviewed where they exist depending on variations in locations and legal, social, political and economic contexts. An iterative process of assessment will also be developed at multiple levels in order to make sound management decisions. Local monitoring tools will be combined with advanced tools like remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) to provide decision makers with more complete information. Baseline data for key indicators will be collected, packaged and made available for use by decision makers and other stakeholders.
Activity 3: Establishment of functional peace building and conflict resolution committees
As opposed to traditional structures in which community leadership and decision making obligations and mandates are vested in males (elders), peace committees are more inclusive, drawing representation from the community (elders, women, youths), civil society groups, community organizations, local administrations and governments. This makes peace committees superior structures that value the roles and contributions of the various groups in the community. This action will support the establishment and strengthening of peace building committees and conflict- resolution mechanisms based on regular inter-tribal meetings, including across international boundaries.