The Standard Methods and Procedures in Animal Health Programme (SMP-AH) will support an approach to regionalized animal health programming for trade-related TADs that:
- Provides a framework for surveillance, epidemiology, prevention, and control of the regional priority TADs that are important to trade and exportation of livestock from the nations of the Greater Horn of Africa (GHoA) to the nations of the Arabian Peninsula and Middle East.
- Aims to standardize procedures for detection of and response to specified trade‐significant TADs so that the disease status of the importing nations is protected.
- Is tailored so that each disease has a separate programme– a Standard Methods and Procedures specifically for that particular disease, - with elements specific to its etiology and dynamics.
- Accepts already existing disease surveillance, prevention, control, and laboratory testing programs, as well as protocols being used by national Departments of Veterinary Services programs with the goal of coordinating these into a regionally coherent system.
- Is designed to accept growth and revision as new technologies and/or improved disease control strategies become available.
- Facilitates animal health certification programs by providing a foundation of disease control against which to certify.
- Acknowledges that the exporting nations of the GHoA may have individual differences in their structures, but that compliance with the SMP-Animal Health program will uniformly create the conditions necessary for Safe Trade with an Appropriate Level of Protection (STALOP).
- Enhances negotiation between the exporters and importers.
- Addresses animal health as related to both live animal trade and trade in animal products commodities by providing healthy animals to the commodity-based trade;
- Coordinates region-wide animal health prevention and disease control activities.
To contribute to the reduction of poverty, enhance regional economic growth and integration through improved access of live animals and animal products to regional and International markets.
Harmonized animal health regulations in the Greater Horn of Africa region developed and implemented.
At the end of the program, the following specific results will have been achieved:
- framework for surveillance and control of trade-related animal diseases established;
- laboratory testing procedures for the priority diseases harmonized in the region;
- standards for Regional quarantine stations established;
- technical and coordination capacity of participating countries and IGAD enhanced.
The following Trade-Related TADs are being addressed by the SMP-AH project:
- Brucellosis in Sheep and Goats - Brucella melitensis (BM)
- Rift Valley Fever –RVF
- Foot and Mouth disease – FMD
- Peste des Petites Ruminants – PPR
- Lumpy Skin Disease – LSD
- Sheep and Goat Pox – SGP
- Camel Pox – CP
- Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia – CBPP
- Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia - CCPP
- Rinderpest -RP (eradicated but still surveilled)
These diseases can be broken into four basic syndromes:
- Abortion complex – BM, RVF
- Stomatitis/enteritis complex – FMD, PPR, RP
- Pox complex – LSD, SGP, CP
- Pneumonia complex – CBPP, CCPP