1. Establish the state of AnGR in Africa to identify threatened breeds and breeds at risk of extinction.
Development of the African AnGR Report for a Better Informed and Cohesive Continental AnGR Agenda
During the first year, emphasis was on providing support to MS to prepare Country Reports as contribution to the 2nd SoW-AnGR Report. As a result, 44 countries submitted their Country Reports.
During the reporting period, activities implemented focused on preparing the publication of the State of Animal Genetic Resources in Africa as the first ever publication that will serve as a reference material for the management of AnGR in Africa. The Table of Content was developed and validated by stakeholders on the continent. Data and information have been compiled from Country Reports and other sources and requests for missing information sent to MS.
A catalogue of cattle breeds has been drafted in collaboration with ILRI and will be published as a “Coffee table book”. Information is being compiled for the production of a comprehensive catalogue that will showcase other African livestock species.
The project has introduced “The Animal of the Month” on the AU-IBAR website which highlights the key attributes of a particular breed/type/variety of animal, fish or bee to raise awareness and increase knowledge on the diversity and importance of these genetic resources in Africa. The various monthly exhibits will be compiled and published.
2. Inventory and assessment of existing policies and regulations on the use of animal genetic resources including genetic improvement of livestock in Africa.
Initiated during the first year of the project, the inventory and analysis of Policies and Strategies related to AnGR has been completed and validated by stakeholders in East, Central, West, North and Southern Africa. In general the inventories show that only a few countries on the continent (for example, Uganda, Ghana, South Africa and Mali) have policies and legislations specifically formulated and designed for the management of AnGR. Most of the policies and regulations on the continent relate to controls of imports and exports of AnGR due to risk of disease, particularly transboundary animal diseases. Policies and legislation in some countries are outdated and need to be updated or are in draft form. There are no recorded policies and legislation addressing crossbreeding or transboundary breeds’ issues on the continent.
3. Assessment of the genetic impact of livestock production systems (i.e. intensification systems with utilization of. exotic breeds), and movements of animal populations (linked to transhumance and commercialization) on local/indigenous AnGR resource base
The assessment of the impact of crossbreeding and livestock mobility has been initiated in Central and East Africa.
This assessment highlights the impact of crossbreeding on AnGR resource base in Africa, the impact of mobility (linked to commercialisation, production systems) on AnGR management and identifies lessons learnt and best practices in crossbreeding and mobility of AnGR in Africa.
4. Assessment of local breeds selection and breeding programs impact on animal genetic diversity and socio-economic status in Africa
The assessment of the socio-economic impact of selection and breeding programs has been initiated and will identify the key selection and breeding programmes in the regions to be supported by the project. This will focus primarily on transboundary breeds.