1. Develop national, regional and continental guidelines for the formulation and harmonization of crossbreeding policies
An “issues” paper on crossbreeding, conservation and the management of transboundary AnGR in Africa has been drafted and will be used to initiate stakeholder’s consultations to identify key issues to be included in the regional policy and legislative frameworks on crossbreeding.
2. Develop technical standards and protocols (including property rights and benefits sharing) for the exchange and use of genetic materials
Based on the discussions with the Department of Science and technology of the AU on the African Union Strategic Guidelines for the Coordinated Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilisation endorsed by the AMCEN in March 2015, an expert’s consultation was organized to discuss issues specific to animal genetic resources and the transfer of genetic material. Following this consultation an assessment is on-going on: the legal environment for the exchange and movement of animal genetic material on the continent that will culminate in the development of technical standards, legislation or regulatory requirements for the exchange and movement of genetic materials. Regional action plans for Southern Africa have been developed and a committee has been established to liaise with ABS National Focal Points and AnGR National Focal Points in all the AU Members States (including those that have ratified the Nagoya Protocol) on the African submission in response to the CGRFA notification of 31st January 2013 on voluntary codes of conduct, guidelines and best practices, and/ or standards in relation to access and benefit-sharing for all subsectors of genetic resources for food and agriculture.
The Project has initiated the process of piloting of Bio-cultural Community Protocols in pastoral areas of West Africa and will explore the opportunities for expansion on the continent including providing guidelines for such processes.