The implementation of activities to achieve this result entails the following:
Activity 1. Development of Animal Health Strategies, Legislative/Regulatory Frameworks
Livestock Development policies were previously formulated by the Line Ministries in Somaliland (2007 – 20016) and Puntland (2007 – 2012). The period of implementation of the Puntland policy has elapsed while that for Somaliland will elapse in 2016. Since the development of these policies, there have been changes in Government at different levels in both Somaliland and Puntland. This situation also pertains to the legislative and regulatory frameworks. On the other hand, the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) needs support for the development of a livestock policy and the enactment of a draft Veterinary Code developed with support from a previous EU funded project.
The EU-funded Veterinary Governance (Vet. Gov.) project is supporting multi-sectoral Livestock Policy Hubs to conduct the review of the livestock policies and legislative frameworks to ensure that they address the current challenges for the development of the livestock sector. This project will complement these activities by providing technical, financial and logistical support to assist the Policy Hubs to conduct stakeholder workshops for validation of the reviewed policy and veterinary legislation documents to be held in Mogadishu, Hargeisa and Garowe). Following consensus among the stakeholders, the Line Ministries will be supported in the endorsement and adoption of the policy documents within the Ministries and by Government through the Council of Ministers. Financial and technical support will also be provided to the Line Ministries for the hosting of fora to facilitate lobbying for the enactment of the amended Veterinary Codes by the respective parliaments.
In all the areas, strategies for the prioritization and better targeting of animal health interventions will be required based on the results of the self-assessment Performance of Veterinary services (PVS) previously carried out by the EU funded Somali Livestock Certification Project (SOLICEP) and on the reviewed livestock policies.
Activity 2. Support Line Ministries to Mobilize Resources for Operations, Investments, and Implementation of Animal Health Strategies
The RAHS project will subsequently support the line Ministries to enhance their capacities for resource mobilization for their operations, investments and implementation of the animal health strategies. This will be done through training of key Ministry personnel and support for evidence-based lobbying of the Ministries of Finance and Planning, other key decision makers and international agencies for increased budgetary allocations to the Livestock sector.
Activity 3. Provide Financial and Technical Support for Implementation of Priority Activities of the Animal Health Strategies
The project will provide technical financial and logistical support to each line Ministry for the implementation of some priority activities identified in the strategies. It is envisaged that the contractual engagement of private actors by the Line Ministries in animal disease surveillance and diagnostic activities will form part of the priority elements for implementation under the animal health strategies.
Activities 1, 2 and 3 are led by AU-IBAR.
Activity 4. Support Operations of Veterinary Boards in the Regulation of Veterinary Services
Autonomous Veterinary Statutory Bodies (Veterinary Boards) are responsible for overseeing the quality and professional conduct of veterinarians and veterinary para-professionals working in a country A competent Veterinary Board can help to ensure the excellence of the veterinary profession by setting standards for licensing and education (both initial and continuing) and by taking disciplinary action in cases of non-compliance with licensing requirements for the veterinary profession. In addition, closer collaboration between Veterinary Education establishments, Veterinary Authorities, Veterinary Boards and, as appropriate, Veterinary Associations is necessary for improved veterinary governance. The legislation for establishment of the Veterinary Board has not been enacted under the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) due to the political and governance situation that has prevailed in Central and Southern Somalia in recent years. In Somaliland and Puntland, Veterinary Boards were established with support from SAHSP II but their operations have been constrained by inadequate institutional and financial support from the public sector. The project will support the enactment of the Veterinary Law Code to facilitate establishment of a Veterinary Board by the FGS. In Somaliland and Puntland, the project is extending technical and financial support to the existing Veterinary Boards to improve the quality of veterinary services through the training of Board members in regulatory and supervisory functions. The training includes aspects of the regulation of the quality and training of veterinary personnel, the ethics and professional conduct of veterinarians, regulation of other animal health service providers including inspection of veterinary drugs outlets and the licensing and supervision of animal health service providers.
This project will also provide logistical support to enable the Veterinary Board members to carry out their functions through inspection visits to training institutions, veterinary drugs suppliers and animal health service providers. Improved performance of the Veterinary boards is expected to make a positive contribution towards improvement of the domestic and export trade in livestock and livestock products.
The project will foster closer collaboration between the veterinary Boards, veterinary education institutions and the Livestock Professional Associations in order to improve veterinary governance in Somalia. The project will support the Veterinary Boards to hold stakeholder meetings attended by participants from the Livestock Professional Associations, Line Ministries responsible for livestock, veterinary training institutions and other relevant organizations to enhance understanding and collaboration on veterinary regulatory issues, and identify and agree on milestones for addressing gaps that undermine the delivery of high quality veterinary services in the respective jurisdictions.
To promote compliance to good practices in veterinary services delivery, the project supports the Veterinary Boards in Somaliland and Puntland to enhance public awareness on their roles and activities amongst actors in the livestock value chain. This is done through support for the broadcasting of radio programmes that educate the public on the roles of the Boards.
These activities are led by Terra Nuova.