Result 2: Public, Private and Community Partnerships in Animal Health Services Delivery Strengthened

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The delivery of animal health services throughout Somalia has relied on public private partnerships between the line Ministries and the Livestock Professional Associations. This has been mainly due to the lack of sufficient human resources within the line Ministries to implement the required tasks. In Central and Southern Somalia, the Livestock Professional Associations have also been instrumental in ensuring the delivery of animal health services in areas that are controlled by armed Militia that were hostile to the Federal Government of Somalia. In all the areas, no formal mechanisms were established to guide the partnerships between the line Ministries and the Livestock Professional Associations for effective service delivery. There is need to reinforce this model of service delivery through structured and mutually beneficial arrangements that incorporate the participation of the target communities to maximise the complementarities of the public and private sectors in animal health services deliver. The following activities will be undertaken to attain this:

Activity 1. Support Livestock Professional Associations and Community Animal Health Workers to Complement Line Ministries in Provision of Animal Health Services

This activity entails the enhancement of the capacity of the Livestock Professional Associations and their members in improving the outreach of their services to livestock keeping communities. To achieve this, the project is providing support to the Livestock Professional Associations to conduct needs assessments to determine the existing capacities and the potential of the Associations to effectively and sustainably deliver animal health services. The assessments also identify gaps and the most appropriate interventions for improving the capacities of the Associations for delivery of services.

Based on the needs assessments, the project will provide technical and financial support for the implementation of some selected activities to address the key gaps identified. The project places emphasis on activities that aim to enhance the outreach of animal health services delivery by the Associations and their Members to pastoralist communities. Initiatives that involve the linkage of private veterinarians to networks of animal health para-professionals as an outreach system will be supported as a priority. The project will provide support to enable selected private animal health service providers to train and equip networks of community based service providers whom they are able to regularly supervise and back-stop technically.

This activity is be led by Terra Nuova.

Activity 2. Support Role of the Public sector in enhancing public/private and community partnerships in animal health services delivery

This activity will entail the training of line Ministry staff in contracting the private sector. Technical support will be provided to the line Ministries to identify animal health services that can be more efficiently carried out through contractual arrangements with the Livestock professional associations and other private animal health service providers. Senior personnel in the Line Ministries will be trained on the preparation of terms of reference for identified tasks, the tendering process, short-listing and identification of suitable applicants. The preparation of MoUs and contract agreements as well as the needs and modalities for coordination, supervision, monitoring and evaluation of the performance of the contracted tasks will also be key components of the training.

This activity is be led by Terra Nuova.

Activity 3. Promote Best Practices for Cost-Recovery in the Delivery of Animal Health Services by the Public and Private Sectors

Experiences from previous project interventions, particularly the LEISOM Project show that cost recovery for the delivery of animal health services can be successfully effected in Somalia. However, there are serious threats to the sustainability of this approach and indeed the sustainability of the provision of animal health services by private actors due to the numerous emergency relief operations that provide large-scale animal health interventions free of cost. There is need for dialogue among the key actors in the animal health arena to ensure coherence between policy guidelines on linking relief, rehabilitation and development interventions and the practices pertaining in field interventions that tend to undermine the policy intentions. This activity focusses on fostering dialogue and building consensus towards the implementation of cost recovery and other key elements for sustainable private sector-driven animal health services delivery in Somalia. The project will support the convening of workshops in for dialogue on this key aspect between the line Ministries, the livestock Professional Associations, veterinary inputs suppliers, local and international NGOs and International Organizations particularly FAO- Somalia. In addition, advocacy among the animal health implementing agencies will be carried out through fora convened in Somalia. These activities will aim at assessment of the current practices and status of cost recovery for delivery of animal health services, identification of constraints, threats and opportunities and the promotion of best practices. Following consensus among the actors, the Action will support the compilation and publication of guidelines on best practices.

This Activity is led by AU-IBAR.

Activity 4. Promote Empowerment of Communities in Animal Health Services Delivery

Community elders and other local leaders play a key role in decision making in Somali communities. Their involvement and support are crucial for the successful implementation of animal health interventions. Previous actions have engaged in awareness creation activities among community elders and local leaders to enhance support for interventions. This action will further strengthen this by directly engaging community elders and leaders in target areas in dialogue to enable them to better articulate the needs of their communities in relation to animal health services delivery. The Action will also support the Community leaders to convene sessions of representatives of different interest groups within their communities such as the women and youths to hold discussions on the constraints and needs in relation to animal health services delivery.

Following articulation and analysis of the results of the community dialogue sessions, the Action will provide financial and logistical support for the Line Ministries and the Livestock Professional associations to jointly convene fora in selected pastoral areas for up to 50 participants per area to discuss and explore solutions to the constraints and needs articulated by the communities. These will be incorporated into the strategies and action plans to be implemented by the Line Ministries with support from the Action under Results 1 and 2.

These activities are led by COOPI.

Activity 5. Support Participation of Somali Public and Private Stakeholders in Key National, Regional and International Fora on Animal Health Services Delivery

The involvement and participation of Somali stakeholders in national, regional and international fora on animal health is essential for improving their interactions with other partners, updating their skills and knowledge on current developments at regional and international levels as well as integrating the activities in Somalia into related regional, continental and international initiatives. This enhances the sharing of experiences and Exchange of information that has proved beneficial to Somali stakeholders.

The action will support the participation of Somali participants in relevant workshops and meetings convened by other partners within Somalia and in regional workshops and meetings relating to the delivery of animal health Services convened by other partners.

The project also provides for financial and logistical support for the Somalia OIE delegate to attend the annual OIE General Sessions in 2014, 2015 and 2016. Related to this is the payment of the annual contribution of Somalia to the OIE for retention of full membership and voting rights at the OIE. The project is supporting the payment of this contribution for 2014, 2015 and 2016.

This activity is led by AU-IBAR.