Some of the lesson learned and best practices from LME projects that benefitted from the fisheries investment fund:
1. Kenya Coastal Development project (KCDP)
The project objective is to promote environmentally sustainable management of Kenya's coastal and marine resources, to be achieved by strengthening the capacity of existing relevant government agencies and by enhancing the capacity of rural micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in selected coastal communities. The useful lessons learned from the project included:
- The project concept note and project appraisal document preparation were lengthy processes due to the involvement of different partners, mainly from parallel government institutions.
- The project coordinating institution did not possess the required authority and power to convene planning meetings and thus very often quorum was not attained to conduct the meeting.
- The capacity building strategy was very sound and worthy of emulation by donor assisted projects in fisheries. The project coordinating unit was integrated into the Kenyan Government structured and this is important to ensure sustainability. Also the World Bank provided training to the project staff on procurement and financial procedures. This ensured smooth project implementation and financial management.
2. The Marine and Coastal Environmental Management Project (MACEMP), Tanzania
MACEMP aims at strengthening the sustainable management and use of the Tanzanian's Exclusive Economic Zone, territorial seas, and coastal resources resulting in enhanced revenue collection, reduced threats to the environment, better livelihoods for participating coastal communities living in the Coastal Districts and improved institutional arrangements.
Key lessons include:
- Community-level alternative livelihoods activities and sub-projects whose beneficiaries are well targeted and are funded through revolving Community Village Funds will reach many more people in the community and are likely to be more sustainable.
- Community- level alternative livelihood projects that are backed by an organized, committed local leadership are more likely to succeed than those without.
- Sustainable marine and coastal management interventions and impacts on LMEs are long term in nature. Multi-phase programs building on the successes of earlier phases are best suited for this kind of programming.
- Unrealistic community expectations should be addressed as early as possible to avoid later misunderstandings and lowered trust and participation by communities in project activities.
3. The West Africa Regional Fisheries programme
This project implementation is coordinated by the Sub-Region Fisheries Commission (SRFC): The countries involved include; Senegal, Cape Verde, Liberia, Ghana, Sierra Leone, and Guinea Bissau.
Through this project a coordinated fisheries management systems that will assist in the reduction of illegal fishing will be created.
Some of the lessons learned include:
- The Sustainable Management of Fisheries Resources Project in Senegal: the establishment and management of Marine protected Areas (MPAs) for sustainable management of fisheries resources has enhanced stocks conservation.
- Liberia has demonstrated that through review of the legal framework that locked out foreign fishing vessels followed by enforcement, the fishery would recover and local fishers would benefit immensely by harvesting bigger fish.
- The establishment of clear functional units such as the Policy and Planning Unit; Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) Unit; and the Commercial Fisheries Unit in Sierra Leone. They have also used new Regulations to ban pair trawling and the use of mono-filament netting materials for fishing purposes and this has led to an increase in fish stock levels. All these actions imparted positively on fisheries management and increased revenue from the sector.