4. Key Results Areas
Natural resources issues present a challenge for the whole of Africa; Member States and RECs look to the AUC and its technical offices such as IBAR to provide informed advice and support, especially in relation to capacity development and policy coherence. In order to respond to these expectations and needs, AU-IBAR should focus on the following key results areas:
- Continental strategy and implementation framework for conservation and use of Africa's farm animal genetic resources. This will include the analysis of the current situation across the continent as a basis for identifying interventions that can be best made through coordinated, multi-country actions. This will build on the on-going project on the development of regional frameworks for the conservation and utilisation of endemic ruminant livestock genetic resources in West and Central Africa.
- Continental framework for sustainable management of fisheries. This will involve provision of support to RFMOs, Regional Fisheries Bodies (RFBs) and Member States to develop and implement ecosystem approaches for sustainable management of marine and inland capture fisheries based on international best practices.
- Sustainable management of natural resources at the wildlifelivestock-human interface, including issues of access to grazing land and water resources.
- Collection, analysis, archiving and sharing of information on Africa's livestock and fish genetic resources including data/information on livestock's contribution to climate change, as well as its impact on animal production, to inform policy making and public education.
- Development or identification and sharing of best practices for, and enhancement of, capacities in early warning and emergency preparedness and response to climate change, especially in pastoral areas.
- Identification and facilitation of avenues for exploitation of opportunities for African livestock keepers to benefit from payments for ecological services; e.g. through ecotourism, rehabilitation of degraded lands, controlled grazing, biodiversity and landscape conservation as these instruments become available.
Outcomes and impacts
The successful delivery of this programme will realize the following:
- Reduction in loss of genetic diversity of livestock, wildlife and fish resources.
- Reduction of conflicts over natural resource use.
- Improved governance and sustainable management of natural resources.
- Coordination mechanism for pooling resources of multiple Member States in the conservation of animal genetic resources.
- Improved awareness by policy makers and the general public on the balance between the role of livestock in livelihoods, the perceived contribution of livestock to climate change, and the likely impact of climate change on livestock production, especially in smallholder systems.
- Improved rangeland management and health.
- Improved policy environment and management practices that lead to enhanced natural resources management in systems where livestock and fisheries are important, including the exploitation of opportunities availed by markets (payments) for ecosystem services.
5. AU-IBAR's roles and strategies to achieve desired goals
- Coordinate transboundary natural resources interventions and policies.
- Build on ongoing or past work of FAO, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), WorldFish and the RECs on livestock and fish genetic resources, to develop the continental framework on conservation.
- Collate, make available to and/or facilitate the testing by Member States and RECs of available best practices from public domain sources.
- Collate technical evidence for policies and catalyse the policy development process using its convening and advocacy roles.
- Build on experiences and lessons learnt from plant genetic resources on facilities, agreements and continental frameworks to facilitate faster progress in this regard on animal resources.
- Build on the experiences and existing policy guidelines from the ALive platform and other networks (e.g. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification Thematic Programme Network – UNCCD-TPNs – Platform).
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