Facilitating development of policies and institutional capacities for improved utilization of animal resources in Africa.
To facilitate the formulation and harmonization of evidencebased and coherent polices and to strengthen the capacities of public and private institutions to effectively perform their core roles in order to transform the animal resources sector for greater impact on poverty alleviation.
1. The context
The need to develop policy analysis and formulation capacities is recognised as an urgent priority for animal resources development in Africa and the RECs and Member States are looking to AU-IBAR for support in this area. In addition, there is a recognized gap (by Member States and RECs) in the capacities of public and private sector actors, including producer organizations and civil society, to perform better their respective tasks and functions.
Particular emphasis on capacity development needs to be placed on the production and marketing roles of local and regional producer organizations, which often form the only solution for smallscale producers to deal with challenges that are associated with economies of scale (e.g. concentrated marketing chains, access to input and output markets). Public-private sector cooperation can be used to create institutional innovations, e.g. for quality enhancement and assurance, financial service provision, insurance, contracting and access to information. Moreover, with effective capacity development and empowerment, continental and regional-level producer associations have increasingly potential to play a prominent role in joint strategy development on production, processing, quality enhancement and marketing.
In addition, most African countries have inadequate educational institutions; major gaps in number and in skill levels in agriculture (e.g. field technicians in animal disease surveillance and control programmes, and policy development); and there is increasing concern about the relevance of current curricula in animal science and animal health training at all levels.
2. Main challenges
- How to develop and sustain capacity for policy analysis and harmonization in AU-IBAR and RECs.
- How to develop new relationships and networks needed to deliver on policy work.
- How to prioritise the many and diverse needs for capacity development by Member States and RECs to deliver the most impact from capacity development investments.
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