The African Union's vision on what should be achieved by 2015 in agriculture, including the livestock sector, has been expressed in the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) and the Inter African Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR) has been mandated to lead the programme for the livestock sector.
AU-IBAR is a specialized technical office of the AU Commission (AUC) dealing with all aspects of livestock development in Africa. It is affiliated to the Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture (DREA) of the Commission and is based in Nairobi with 85 staff (48 professionals). AU-IBAR has developed a strategic plan for 2014-2017 that will support the realization of the livestock sector goals.
The Abuja Treaty on the minimum integration plan for the African Union puts regional economic communities (RECs) as the drivers for the process. The AUC and its different departments are mandated to strengthen the RECs' capacities. In line with this, AU-IBAR has been strengthening the institutional capacity of RECs to enable them to effectively play their roles of coordination and harmonization of actions in order to speed up the economic and political integration process. AU-IBAR is contributing to this capacity building process.
IGAD's primary stated mission is "to achieve regional cooperation and economic integration through the promotion of food security, sustainable environmental management, peace and security, intra-regional trade, and development of improved communications infrastructure (IGAD, 2000)". The general goal of IGAD is to achieve economic integration and sustainable development for the sub-region. Cognizant of the social, political and economic importance of dry-lands and livestock to the people of the region, the Secretariat has established an IGAD Centre for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD) in response to the decision of the 33rd Council of Ministers and the recommendations of the ministers responsible for livestock development.
The Centre is a specialized institution mandated with technical, operational, institutional and policy coordination and support at sectoral and member state levels to promote and facilitate sustainable and equitable dry lands and livestock development in the IGAD region.
At national level, countries are now adapting and incorporating their agriculture and rural development strategies and programmes into the CAADP framework, resulting in the national CAADP compacts, which three countries in the region have signed so far. A regional compact is also currently under preparation.
MSs are engaged in the elaboration of programming frameworks for drought resilience and sustainability, comprising six intervention areas conductive to drought resilience and sustainable development. The Country Programming Papers (CPPs) are in most cases based on lessons from post disaster needs assessment (PDNA) conducted between 2008 and 2011; they identify the root causes of vulnerability in ASAL, design prospective multi-sectoral responses and investments as well as adequate national coordination mechanisms to implement the prioritized drought resilience programmes. In addition, the CPPs will also provide regional and cross-border priorities, which will be introduced in a common Regional Programming Framework (RPF) to guide the programmes to be developed and implemented at the regional level. Both the CPPs and the RPF are fundamental elements of the current strategy and are integral part of its action plan and programmes.